After confirming a student’s infection in Kerala, this rare and deadly disease is in the news again. This animal-borne disease spreads through humans through bat or pigs, and it can spread through contaminated food and human contact with humans.
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), a person infected with nipah may occasionally have no symptoms, but generally the person infected with this may have problems with breathing, fatal encephalitis, and swelling of the brain. Early symptoms of the infected person include fever, headache, muscular pain, vomiting and sore throat. After this there can be an effect on the person with dizziness and the problem of naps, memory, understanding, which are signs of severe encephalitis.
Most of the patients recover from encephalitis are physically fully healthy but it has also been observed that they have a problem with the nerves for a long time. WHO has reported mortality rates ranging from 40 to 75 percent.
The beginning of this Epidemic:
The first of the nipah virus was detected during the pandemic spread in Malaysia in 1999 in pig farming. It was discovered in Bangladesh in 2001 and since then the pandemic continues to emerge annually in the country. From time to time, the disease is also known in India. Last year, 17 people died from this virus in Kerala.
How Nipah Expands :
According to the WHO, for the first time in Malaysia, when it was detected and influenced by Singapore’s disease, it was found that most of the people infected with the virus came in direct contact with sick pigs or their contaminated tissues. After this, the most likely sources of spread of this epidemic in Bangladesh and India are consumption of bats, salivary fruits or their products manufactured or toddy. At present, there has been no study on the presence of the fluid in the body, such as blood or saliva or the virus in nature.
Human beings have also received reports of its infection, such as the people of the family who are serving the infected patient or have been reported in the transit in transit. The epidemic spread later in Bangladesh and India spread directly from human-to-human contact. Dr P. Vkanta Krishnan of Internal Medicine in Paras Hospital, Gururgram said, “By eating the infected product, the virus is transferred to the body of the person.
In this case, the virus does not move anywhere from its first place. It is like the seasonal reaction. “He said,” Avoid going to places where the Neptah virus has been identified. Such cases remain in a specific area and it does not spread. “Krishnan said that its infection rate is very low compared to swine flu.
Diagnosis of the Disease:
Early symptoms of nipah virus are not known often and due to this the treatment is not initially done.
Due to this there is a hindrance in the treatment at the right time and it creates challenges in detecting epidemic, effective and time-consuming infection control and pandemic activities.
Detection of antibodies with saliva, blood-real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and enzyme-linked immunosorbent (ELISA) screening. Other investigations include investigating the Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) and detecting the virus through cell culture.
The Treatment :
There is currently no medication or vaccine for this disease, however WHO has identified it as a primary disease for WHO Research and Development. Dr. Deepak Verma of the International Medicine at Columbia Asia Hospital in Ghaziabad said, “There is no vaccine available for nipah at this time. Anti-viral ‘Ribavirin’ can play a role in reducing the mortality rate of patients suffering from encephalitis due to Nephah’s disease. According to a recent study published in ‘Science Transitional Medicine’, experimental Ebola drug use in monkeys Viewed positive effects on monkeys infected with
In Malaysia, when the epidemic was detected in 1999, infection was detected in other domestic animals like goats, sheep, dogs and cats.
As soon as the epidemic is suspected, the enclosure of the animal should be vacated immediately.
They should be slaughtered or burned by infected animals. Infected animals should be prevented from going into other areas. In the absence of vaccine, the only way to prevent infection from spreading is to inform people about preventive measures and spread awareness.